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ICPD

The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo marked an agreement between 179 countries that population dynamics are critical to social and economic development—that women’s empowerment and reducing the unmet needs of people in education and health, including reproductive health, are fundamental for individual as well as social advancement, balanced and fair growth, and socio-economic development.

Advancing gender equality, eliminating violence against women and ensuring women's ability to control their own fertility were acknowledged as cornerstones of population and development policies. The goals of the ICPD are centered on universal education; reducing infant, child and maternal mortality; ensuring universal access to reproductive health care including family planning and skilled assistance at childbirth; and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (particularly HIV/AIDS)—by 2015.  
 
The conference adopted a 20-year Programme of Action (POA), which focused on needs and rights, rather than purely on achieving demographic targets.  The ICPD’94/POA outline and detail the importance of the following critical areas of global development issues:
 
   →  Gender Equality, Equity and Empowerment of Women
   →  The Family, Its Roles, Rights, Composition and Structure
   →  Population Growth and Structure
   →  Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Health
   →  Health, Morbidity and Mortality
   →  Population Distribution, Urbanization and Internal Migration
   →  International Migration
   →  Population, Development and Education
   →  Technology, Research and Development
   →  National Action
   →  International Cooperation
   →  Partnership with the Non-Governmental Sector
 
The 8CP covers the period 2012-2016, partnering with key ministries like Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Women’s and Children’s Affairs (MoWCA), Home Affairs (MoHA), et al, to advance the priority goals of ICPD Programme of Action (POA).  Celebrating ICPD+15, UNFPA Bangladesh observed 15 years of ICPD’94.  Bangladesh, which had robust involvement in ICPD, has since made important gains in various ICPD targets and indicators.

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